High Residue Farming Pictures
High Residue Farming
Benefits to Raising Beans in High Residue Sprinkler Irrigated Environments.
Substantially reduced wind and water erosion.
Substantial tillage reduction can mean fewer weeds, and less fuel usage.
Improves organic matter levels.
Less disturbance of rocks! Means less chance of rocks being harvested.
Preservation of the beneficial fungi and bacteria.
Typically as good or better production.
Why consider High Residue practices in dry Beans? Winds that destroy crops and damage the soil.
Dark Red Kidney Beans planted in cover crop wheat,Canadian Geese appreciate the cover.
No-till Direct seeded Eclipse black beans in alfalfa after a wind.
Planted on May 23 GPS guided operator reading the Seattle Times.
Twin row planter provides more room for each plant compared to conventional planters.
Cover Crop Wheat residue keeps the field soil tied down and prevents wind erosion.
Planting in High Residue cover eliminates blowing soil damage to young bean plants after emergence.
Note the twin rows beginning to appear.
Twin rows beginning to outgrow the wheat residue.
There are several photos giving a time elapse to the growth of this field.
No pre or post emergence herbicides, Herbicide applied to 100′ of field perimeter due to goat head plant presence.
Bloom Time Beginning
Rapid growth stage plant needs for water and nutrients are the greatest this growth stage.
Most beans will bloom three times.
This is about the end of the second pod set.
This is about the beginning of the third pod set.
The beginning of maturity note the yellowish cast.
Some individual weeds grew but are not dense enough to concern harvest.
Windrow for drying by above ground swathing leaves bean plant roots intact holding the soil.
Bulk mass of wheat cover crop virtually dissipated by harvest time.Above ground swathing typically leaves less dirt in the windrows and less dirt harvested.
Harvest completed on september 6 ample time left to establish fall seeded crop this one went to alfalfa.
Dry Beans following Timothy Hay after first cutting is harvested in june,Dense sod requires No-Till planting
Sod helps water infiltration on steep hills
Beans plants emerge through dense sod with No-Till planting
Soil disturbing cultivation not required with No-Till in dense sod.
Sod holds the water on steep hills helps create even growth.
Above ground cutting reduces soil exposure to wind erosion during and after bean harvest,Previous crop residue of timothy hay sod is still intact protecting soil from erosion after harvest.
Swathed windrows for bean dry down on flat sod helps prevent bean crop loss.
This Navy Bean field produced more under direct seeding in Timothy than it did 4 years previously with the same variety of Navy Beans conventionally tilled.
After beans are harvested, Timothy sod tills up easy yet leaves a mulch Timothy sod is great cover for winter,Timothy sod could be strip tilled or no-tilled in the next years crop.
Bean residue baled to clear vine residue and allow for consistent planting the next crop which was No-Tilled to corn.
Strip tilled and planted to beans after peas.
With bean plant on a raised bed from strip tilling swather is able to pick up the beans.
The only way to view soil Without High Residue.
Summry of High Residue Beans
Eliminates soil erosion from wind and water.
Saves tillage before and after a bean crop.
Much evener water penetration.
No tillage keeps rocks in the ground and in the field.
Keeps the organic matter in the top layer of soil.
Preserves beneficial fungi and bacteria and worms in the soil rhizophere.